(update: Seed by Seed is on Bank Street College of Education’s list of Best Children’s Books of the Year, 2013.  yayy!)

Seed by Seed, the Legend and Legacy of John “Appleseed” Chapman was written by the vibrant, thoughtful, fun and generous Esmé Raji Codell.
Esme holds Johnny Appleseed as one of her heroes, and loves to share his story with children: many children, all kinds of children.  You, and someone you know.

I have illustrated six picture books and three novels of my own, and I drew spot illustrations and a jacket for Sharon Denslow’s chapter book Georgie Lee, but this was my first try at an all-out picture book written by another author.  I learned so much while illustrating Seed by Seed, and I had such a good time learning it.

First, of course, I learned about Johnny Appleseed himself.  Esme’s beautiful manuscript taught me a lot.  But as the illustrator, I had some blanks to fill in.  Like, what did Johnny actually look like?  My husband Bill and I traveled to the Johnny Appleseed Museum in Urbana, Ohio, to see what we could find out.

One thing we learned was that there are no pictures of Johnny drawn or painted by anyone who had actually seen him.  But descriptions of him written by people who knew him are included in Robert Price’s biography, Johnny Appleseed, Man & Myth.  From these I learned that he was small, strong and wiry.  Or else he was “large-boned and sinewy, 5’9″.”  His dark hair was parted in the middle and allowed to fall behind his ears.  He had keen penetrating eyes, variously reported to be dark, gray, and blue.  His mouth and nose were small.  Accounts of his beard varied.  He had beautiful teeth.  (Maybe apples really are “Nature’s toothbrush!”)  He was described as “happy” and “contented as a prince.”

I asked a young man who is a friend of ours, and who himself reminds me of a Barbara Cooney illustration, to dress up in raggedy clothing and do Johnny Appleseed things while I photographed him.  It was the middle of winter, so Ren pretended to plant apple trees and camp out on our dining room floor.  My first drawings leaned heavily on these photos, but once I had a sense of him, I drew him from my imagination.

contented as a prince

Johnny tends the electric pussywillow.

Mr. Price’s book also told me about J.A.’s early life, elements of which appear in Seed by Seed as a visual counterpoint to Esme’s description of the things we expect heroes to do that Johnny did not do.

I learned an awful lot about life in this time period (late 1700’s and early 1800’s) from two books, both written for children.  Edwin Tunis’s Frontier Living: an Illustrated Guide to Pioneer Life in America, including Log Cabins, Furniture, Tools, Clothing and More was first published in 1969 and was a Newbery Honor Book.  This is where I learned what the wolf trap looked like, and much more.  Super-interesting. (Did you know people could cut their money in half back then, and it would be worth half as much?)

Johnny frees the wolf from the trap, whereupon it follows him around like a dog.

And Barbara Greenwood and Heather Collins’s A Pioneer Sampler: the Daily Life of a Pioneer Family in 1840, written for younger readers than Tunis’s, was also extremely helpful.  This one includes a lot of hands-on activities to help kids (and me) understand what life was like, way back when.

I spent one afternoon at a taxidermy museum, drawing their stuffed wolf.  The wolf in the book was drawn from photos because the one in the museum could not change his pose for me, but it was helpful to have drawn the real thing, even when working from photos.

the wolf at Guntzviller Spirit of the Woods Museum.

I learned about the homes and clothing of Native Americans who lived in Ohio at that time.

I looked online for images of mistreated horses, and was saddened that they are not hard to find.

Conversely, I was happy to be reminded that many people and organizations are helping kids to discover that they can, in fact, change the world a little bit.

Esme writes about the “five footsteps” Johnny left for us to walk in, ideas that we can emulate in our own lives.  I decided to try to embody those ideas in physical objects.  I thought it would make it easier for kids to remember them.  Also, I like, really really like, making stuff.  This meant more research, because I wanted the objects to represent the idea, but also to be of Johnny’s time and place.  I wanted them to be things that would have words on them: maps, books, embroidery, painted signs.  But what did those things look like back then?  Which things were present in ordinary people’s lives?

Johnny ripped books into chapters, to share them. So I did, too!

a small section of the embroidery in Seed by Seed.

Every time I put something in a picture, I tried to make sure it was something that could have really been in that place and time, whether it was a fabric pattern or a species of snake.  But I tried to let all that information be there, not just for its own sake, but to support what Esme wanted to tell us about the wonderful Mr. Chapman.  I hope the book will plant a small seed in your heart, and I hope that seed will grow and grow.

Activities! to go along with reading Seed by Seed:

You can make “seedballs” — little balls of earth and seeds that you toss into abandoned lots and neglected places, so flowers can grow there.  Find out how here.

You can make a Johnny Appleseed Jump-up, a toy similar to those played with by children who lived in the time of Johnny A.  Instructions and print-outable, colorable cut-out-able drawing for one of these right here.

And here is a coloring page, based on the book jacket, if you’re in the mood to color:

johnny coloring page

And here is a template to make a small seed packet. What small seed will you plant?